Basements can be found in many homes all over the world, overall having a basement is an option you choose. Not in Tuk, a basement is a big No No.
Tuktoyaktuk and most of the North, for that matter, all sit on Permafrost. Permafrost or “Cryotic soil is soil at or below the freezing point of water 0 °C (32 °F) for two or more years.”
As a result of sitting on a frozen chuck of land, a basement would have devastating results. Home, built in Tuk, must be raised off the land or the heat from the home would cause the Permafrost to melt. Plainly put, your home would sink into the ground.
Until our next Fun Fact,
-glass of scotch